The Master of Divinity (MDiv) is a three-year professional degree preparing students for Church ministry. It offers appropriate preparation for those intending to serve in lay ecclesial ministries. Those students intending to serve as ordained presbyters in the Catholic Church will be required to complete an additional year of studies in theological subjects and ministerial training. Note that completion of the MDiv degree does not entitle the recipient to ordination. Admission to ordination is the decision of local diocesan ordinaries or superiors of religious orders who may have further requirements or expectations.
The following guidelines were used in establishing the Franciscan School of Theology’s MDiv program:
- The Program for Priestly Formation, USCCB, Fifth Ed., 2006
- Priestly Formation, General Chapter of the Order of Friars Minor, Rome, 1971
- The Basic Plan for Priestly Formation, The Sacred Congregation for Priestly Formation, Rome, 1970
- De Formatione Candidatorum ad Sacerdotium Ministeriale et ad Vitam Religiosam, ed. G. Barauna, O.F.M., Rome, 1969
- Ratio Formationis Franciscanae, Rome, 1991
- Ratio Studiorum, Order of Friars Minor, Rome, 2001
- Ratio Studiorum Provincae, Oakland, California, 2005
- National Certification Standards for Lay Ecclesial Ministers, approved by the USCCB Commission on Certification and Accreditation, November 2011
Certificate in Priestly Formation
Candidates for ordination are required to take a 24-unit Certificate in Priestly Formation covering the sciences and skills necessary for ordination in addition to the requirements of the MDiv program.
Note that completion of the Certificate does not entitle the recipient to ordination. Admission to ordination is the decision of local diocesan ordinaries or superiors of religious orders who may have further requirements or expectations.
Special Requirements for Admission
Applicants to the MDiv are required to have nine undergraduate semester credit hours in philosophical topics, for example, history of philosophy, ethics, systematic philosophy. Candidates who wish to pursue the MDiv degree but feel they do not meet this criterion should contact the Academic Dean.
Ordination candidates must present:
- A letter of approval from their ordinary or religious superior
- A certificate of completion issued by the applicant’s ordinary or religious superior stating that the applicant has taken a minimum of 30 semester credit hours of undergraduate philosophy or its equivalent as prescribed by the USCCB Program for Priestly Formation
Goals of the MDiv Program
The goals of the MDiv program are to prepare students to:
- Demonstrate knowledge of the basic documents and heritage of the Roman Catholic Church through instruction in Scripture, church history, systematic theology, liturgy, and moral theology within diverse cultural contexts
- Develop skills for ministerial leadership through pastoral training, liturgical preparation, preaching, supervised field education, and experiences with diverse cultural groups
- Achieve personal and spiritual growth and integration through theological reflection, professional ethics training, and a personal ministry statement
Requirements of the MDiv Program
- Complete 72 semester units as described in the curriculum below, of which a maximum of 18 may be taken at the University of San Diego’s graduate schools.
- Engage in all field education requirements
- Maintain an overall 3.0 grade point average in all required and elective courses
- Be enrolled in the school for at least 6 semesters to fulfill the 3-year full-time tuition residency requirement
- Complete all work within 6 years of the first semester of enrollment
The Ministry Seminar
MDiv students participate in a series of four ministry seminars, one each semester. The seminars are collaborative teaching and learning environments where students integrate theological, ministerial, and educational insights and understandings. The seminars draw from theology, sociology and psychology of religion, cultural and ethnic studies, and religious education.
In the final semester of the ministry seminar, students prepare a synthesis project under the direction of a faculty advisor in which they address theological questions of critical relevance to a multicultural church and society, and apply them to a particular ministerial context and practice. Upon completion of written material, students give oral presentations incorporating multiple learning styles and multicultural sensitivity.
Supervised Field Education
Under the guidance of the Field Education Program Director, MDiv students are assigned to ministry placements made according to their professional goals in areas such as parish work, health care or prison chaplaincy, community organizing, justice and advocacy, retreats, catechetics, campus or university ministry, Christian initiation, or educational leadership.
Curriculum of MDiv Program
|Introduction to Old Testament||3|
|Basic Christian Liturgy||3|
|Basic Systematic Theology (Intro or God and Trinity)||3|
|Ancient Christianity /Medieval to Reformation||3|
|Second to Sixth Semesters|
|Fundamental Moral Theology||3|
|Modern American Catholicism or Interpreting the Church Today||3|
|Second Course in Ethics (Choose 1) |
|Introduction to New Testament||3|
|Advanced New Testament Courses (Choose 2) |
-Gospel and Epistles of John
|Advanced Old Testament Courses (Choose 1)|
|Intercultural Theology (in __________)||3|
|Ecclesiology: Theology and Ministry in the Church||3|
|Third to Sixth Semesters|
|Ministry Seminar I||3|
|Ministry Seminar II||3|
|Ministry Seminar III||3|
|Ministry Seminar IV (capstone)||3|
|Electives (e.g., pastoral counseling, advanced preaching/prayer leadership, parish administration)||13.5|
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