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Franciscan School of Theology

History and Heritage

 The Franciscan School of Theology brings together three important words: Mission, Franciscan, and California. The Franciscans have provided theological training in California since the beginning of the state’s history and have worked with California’s diverse population since then. 

In 1854 Mission Santa Barbara was chartered as an apostolic college and continued in that capacity until 1885. From 1869 to 1877, it also functioned as a college for lay men. In 1896, it began a four-year high school seminary program. The high school became a separate institution in 1901, and the college department became a separate institution at San Luis Rey, California in 1929. Over the course of the years, the college department expanded into a four-year accredited liberal arts college. 

Mission Santa Barbara remained the center for theological studies and continued to operate as a seminary until 1968 when the theological school moved to Berkeley, California as the Franciscan School of Theology, a member school of the Graduate Theological Union, an ecumenical consortium of nine theology schools. 

In September 2012 the Franciscan School of Theology Board of Trustees announced that the school intended to enter into a service and curricular affiliation with the University of San Diego, San Diego, California. The Franciscan School of Theology will maintain its autonomous corporate and canonical structure, as well as its accreditation, and will move to Old Mission San Luis Rey, Oceanside, California. The Franciscan School of Theology will remain a member institution of the Graduate Theological Union until June 2014. In the academic year 2013-2014 the main campus and offices of the Franciscan School of Theology will continue to be at 1712 Euclid Avenue, Berkeley, where the second and third year students will finish their course of studies. A secondary location will be opened at Old Mission San Luis Rey, 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, California, where the incoming first year class will matriculate. 

As our history indicates, once we were a seminary preparing men for service as priests; now we are a seminary and a theology school preparing lay women and men, religious and clergy for shared ministry in the Roman Catholic Church. Once we were one of a number of Franciscan seminaries in the United States; now we are the only Franciscan seminary/theology school whose mission it is to prepare professional ministers for the Church. 

From its earliest history, the Franciscan School of Theology has responded to the changing cultural, social, and religious realities of California and the West.  Such realities have led to the decision to open the new FST campus at Old Mission San Luis Rey in Oceanside, California. A curricular and service agreement will link FST to the University of San Diego (USD), a private Catholic institution of higher learning. FST’s ministerial students will be able to benefit from exposure to USD’s graduate programs in peace and justice, non-profit management, counseling, secondary education, global education, leadership studies, and allied fields. 

We find inspiration in the missionary zeal and educational heritage of Junípero Serra, who founded the first Franciscan mission in Upper California at San Diego in 1792. Like the students who journey with us in their preparation for ministry, the history of the Franciscan School of Theology is a story in process. 

Guided and governed in its educational mission, community life, and degree programs by the Order of Friars Minor’s Ratio Studiorum, “In notitia veritatis proficere” (Rome, GSFS, 2001), the Franciscan School continues to bring the questions of contemporary culture, society, and Church into dialog with the ever-ancient and ever-new Word of the Gospel.